book. The term can also be used to refer
to the bookplate itself.
Mens sana in corpore sano: “A sound (or
healthy) mind in a sound (or healthy)
body.” This expression is sometimes seen
in fitness or health facilities.
Q.E.D. (quod erat demonstrandum):
“That which was to have been proven.”
This phrase is sometimes used in
mathematics to indicate the success of a
Tabula rasa: “The blank slate.” This
is the philosophical notion that the
mind is unformed until it is a;ected by
impressions or experience.
Tempus Fugit: “Time flees” or “Time
flies.” This expression is sometimes seen
on old clocks.
Veni vidi vici: “I came, I saw, I
conquered.” According to historical
tradition, this terse phrase was used by
Julius Caesar to announce to the Roman
Senate that he had defeated the ruler of
Pontus. Now, it is sometimes used to
announce a quick and decisive victory.
A.D. Anno Domini
in the year of the Lord
Used as a calendar designation.
Ad lib. ad libitum
freely; as desired; spontaneously
A.M. ante meridiem
before the middle (of the day)
P.M. post meridiem
after the middle (of the day)
around or about
Example: This event took place c. 1900
Used sometimes in writing to direct the
reader’s attention to another book or part
of the document
if God wills
et al. et a lia
Example: This book was written by John
Smith and Roy Jackson, et al.
etc. et c etera
And so forth
Example: Cameron brought all the
snacks for the party: chips, dip, cheese,
in the same place
Used in research to indicate that the
source cited is the same as the last one
Means the same as ibid., but is used
more commonly in legal documents
i.e. id est
Used to further explain something.
Example: Please list members of your
immediate family, i.e., mother, father,
brothers, and siblings
used to note important comments in
textbooks or notes.
Example: Please note page no. 54.
non s eq. non sequitur
it does not logically follow
p.d. per di em
Example: The worker was paid $50 p.d.
the main letter or document
Rest in Peace
Sometimes seen on tombstones.
requiescat in pace
vs. or v. versus
against or in opposition to
Original meaning: “scale.” Now used to
denote the measurement of a pound.
M.O. modus operandi
method of operation
Police sometimes use this to describe
the usual way a criminal operates.
n.b. Nota Bene
Often used in research and can be
Amelia Harper is a homeschooling
mother of five and a pastor’s wife. She
is also the author of Literary Lessons
from the Lord of the Rings, a complete
one-year literature curriculum for secondary-level students. In addition, she is
an English tutor and a freelance writer
who contributes regularly to newspapers
and magazines. For more information,
Foreign Language Winter 2010/11 61
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