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(that is generated by relationships, trust,
and social norms) and a consistency of
values, beliefs, and worldview between
teacher and student has a positive effect
on student learning.
Fifth, home education offers consistently
parent-guided social interaction for children and youth. Children in institutional
schools become more peer-oriented, and
suffer the negative effects of this (e.g., undermining of family cohesion, interference
with healthy development, causing aggression and anxiety in children and youth, and
fostering a hostile and sexualized youth
culture), 14 than do children who are home-educated. Adult/parent-orientation is Biblical, and research supports the fact it is also
good for children, as measured according
to many variables. 15
Finally, children and adults who are and
were home-educated do well, on average,
because their parents have engaged them
in Biblical education and discipleship. One
should expect them to do well. Home-
based education is, systemically, a unique
opportunity to practice and experience the
practices, relationships, and environment
that lead to academic, personal, moral and
social success. 16
Dr. Brian Ray is president of the National
Home Education Research Institute (NHERI
.org). He has published numerous articles and
books, been repeatedly interviewed by major
media, served as an expert witness in court
cases, and testified to legislatures regarding
educational issues. Dr. Ray is a leading international expert in research on homeschooling. He holds a Ph.D. in science education
from Oregon State University. Brian and
Betsy have been married 38 years and have
eight children, all of whom have been homeschooled, and they have eight grandchildren.
You can donate to the nonprofit NHERI:
www.nheri.org/donate.html, and sign up
for free research updates: www.nheri.org/
1. Several research studies are cited in this review,
but the references are far from exhaustive. More
complete reviews and bibliographies of research
on home education can be found in sources such
as the following: (a) Ray, Brian D. (2013). Home-schooling associated with beneficial learner and
societal outcomes but educators do not promote
it. Peabody Journal of Education, 88( 3), 324-341.
(b) Ray, Brian D. (2008, September 24). Bibliography of research on homeschooling: International.
Retrieved July 30, 2012 from http://www.nheri
.org/research/bibliography-references-studies-international.html. (c) Ray, Brian D., & Eagleson,
Bruce K. (2008, August 14). State regulation of
homeschooling and homeschoolers’ SAT scores.
Journal of Academic Leadership, 6( 3). Retrieved
January 23, 2009 from http://www.academic
_SAT_Scores.shtml. (d) Ray, Brian D. (2010,
February 3). Academic achievement and demographic traits of homeschool students: A nationwide study. Academic Leadership Journal, 8( 1).
The advantages of personal, in-depth teacher-student interaction is hard to beat,
whether the field is blacksmithing, mathematics, electronics, or theology.