at the end of a predetermined point in the
selection, ask him to narrate or write about
what he has read. Another effective strategy
is to ask the student to read one question
at the end of a textbook assignment (e.g.,
history). Next, tell him to read only until he
discovers the answer to that question. Have
him write it or record it orally. Pre-reading
questions both alerts him to essential facts
in the passage, but it also allows him to improve his comprehension. To reduce writing, make copies of textbook pages, black
out key words, and ask him to fill in each
missing term. These study strategies engage
the reader in purposeful reading.
When a student is learning vocabulary,
ask him to visualize the definition. Encourage your learner to make his own flash
cards but use pictures (drawn or clipart) instead of copying definitions from a dictionary. All too often, students do not understand the wording from a dictionary. Help
them restate definitions in “kid-speak” as
Students on the autism spectrum are
visual learners, yet they also are concrete
thinkers who struggle with the higher-
order thinking skills required for upper-
grade textbooks. To engage their thinking,
To engage the student in math study, uti-
lize his areas of strength. If he is a verbal
learner, give him a list of steps to guide him
through new problems. If he has not mas-
tered number facts by age 10, teach him to
use a calculator to check his work. Calcu-
lators both review number facts and teach
him a skill he will need as an adult.
To summarize: teaching successful study
skills to students with special needs requires you to think creatively!
Despite the challenges you and your
child may experience with learning, with a
bit of creative thinking you can teach your
special needs student successful study skills
for effective learning.
Editor’s Note: The strategies above are but
a small sample of teaching tips in my new
book, Teaching a Child with Special Needs at
Home and at School. See www.Amazon.com.
Judi Munday, M.A., M.Ed. has been an
educational consultant for seventeen years
helping families homeschooling children
with special needs. Visit Judi’s website www
. helpinschool.net to see more. Judi has a
heart to equip families to meet their child’s
special needs! Check out her newest book:
Teaching a Special Needs Child at Home
and at School on Amazon to learn simple
but effective instructional strategies that really work for students with learning disabilities in reading, math, and writing, language
delays, and high-function autism.
As his eyes pass over the
text, he should be asking
himself questions and
answering them as he is
reading or restating it.
"The Boring Little Books
that Always Work"
color in the words
Craft "Right Brain" Readers
Make this the "breakthrough" year for your child or teen!
Dianne Craft is president of Child
Diagnostics, Inc., Denver, CO www.diannecraft.org
Who loves these student readers?
• Kids with Dyslexia
• Kids with Auditory Processing
• ESL Students
• Beginning Readers
"These are the best reading books for a hesitant or struggling
reader, HANDS DOWN!" -Emma Brooks, Reading Specialist