There were some demographic differences between homeschool students
and all students taken together. Regarding ethnicity, for example, 72 percent of
the homeschool students were White;
five percent were Asian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander, and four percent were Black or African American,
while of all college-bound seniors, the
corresponding percentages were 49, 12,
and 13. The average highest level of parental education was notably higher for
the homeschool students than for all students. However, the family incomes of
the homeschool students were similar to
those of all students.
This point-in-time description of SAT
scores simply shows that the test scores
of homeschool students are higher than
the national average for all students. No
careful analysis has been done of these
scores to determine whether certain
background variables might statistically
explain the differences in scores.
These relatively high SAT scores of
home-educated students are, however,
consistent with homeschool students’
high SAT scores in preceding research
and with research findings on the overall success of college students who were
home educated. 4 Research to date shows
that adults who were home-educated
are typically faring as well or better than
the general adult population on all constructs considered. For example, Cogan
(2010) examined the college-entrance
test and college academic performance
scores of adults who were home-educated and found that home-educated
students possessed higher ACT scores,
GPAs, and graduation rates when compared to institutional-schooled students. 5
And Albert Cheng, as another example,
discovered that “. . . greater exposure to
homeschooling is associated with more
political tolerance” than that possessed
by those who attended conventional institutional schools (p. 49). 6
High test scores are not the main reason
that scripture-based Christians home-
school their children, but it is agreeable
to know that parent-led home-based
education continues to be associated
with very positive outcomes.
Dr. Brian Ray is president of the National Home Education Research Institute ( NHERI.org). His Ph.D. is in science
education and he has published numerous
articles and books, been repeatedly interviewed by major media, served as an expert
witness in court cases, and testified to legislatures regarding educational issues. Dr. Ray is
a leading international expert in research on
homeschooling. He holds a Ph.D. in science
education from Oregon State University.
Brian and Betsy have been married 37 years
and have eight children, all of whom have
been homeschooled, and they have eight
grandchildren. You can donate to the non-profit NHERI ( www.nheri.org/donate.html)
and sign up for free research updates (www
1. Ray, Brian. (2016). Homeschool SAT scores for
2014 higher than national average. Retrieved
June 7, 2016 from http://www.nheri.org/re
2. College Board. (2014b). SAT 2014 college-bound
seniors total group profile report, total group.
New York, NY: Author. Retrieved June 7, 2016
talServices/pdf/sat/TotalGroup-2014.pdf, p. ii.
3. College Board. (2014a). SAT 2014 college-bound
seniors state profile report, U.S. home school students. New York, NY: Author.
4. Gloeckner, Gene W., & Jones, Paul. (2013). Reflections on a decade of changes in homeschooling
and homeschooled into higher education.
Peabody Journal of Education, 88( 3), 309-323.
Murphy, Joseph. (2012). Homeschooling in
America: Capturing and assessing the movement.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin, a Sage Company.
Ray, Brian D., & Eagleson, Bruce K. (2008, August
14). State regulation of homeschooling and homeschoolers’ SAT scores. Journal of Academic Leadership, 6( 3). Retrieved March 4, 2013 from http://
5. Cogan, Michael F. (2010). Exploring academic
outcomes of homeschooled students. Journal of
College Admission, 208, 18-25.
6. Cheng, Albert. (2014). Does homeschooling or
private schooling promote political intolerance?
Evidence from a Christian university. Journal of
School Choice: International Research and Re-form, 8( 1), 49-68, page 49.
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This point-in-time description of SAT scores simply
shows that the test scores of homeschool students are
higher than the national average for all students.