• 1778–1829 Humphry Davy—English
chemist and inventor who discovered
the anesthetic effect of laughing gas
(nitrous oxide). He was best known for
his discovery of new metals, including
potassium, calcium, and sodium, and
he also invented a safety lamp for use
in coal mines.
•1822–1895 Louis Pasteur—French
chemist, microbiologist, and Professor
of Chemistry at University of Lille. He
was the first to prove “the germ theory
of disease” and introduced the world
to the concept of viruses. His research
led to his discovery and development
of pasteurization and vaccinations, including rabies. Pasteur is considered
one of the most important founders of
• 1843–1910 Robert Koch—German
physician and one of the founders of
bacteriology. He won a Nobel Prize in
medicine for his tuberculosis findings
Books & Resources
man physicist who produced and de-
tected electromagnetic radiation in a
rays, important for medical diagnosis
sician and surgeon in the British Navy
who conducted clinical trials and dis-
covered that citrus fruits would cure
scurvy, a disease caused by vitamin C
tish biologist, pharmacologist and
botanist who discovered penicillin in
1928 and received a Nobel Prize in
1945 for penicillin’s curative effect on
•;One;of;the;best;resources;for;study-ing the history of medicine is a book
by that title: Exploring the History
of Medicine by John Hudson Tiner.
This book covers all the physicians
and discoveries listed in our timeline
• Stories of Great Physicians by Raymond F. Jones—This book goes
along well with Exploring the History
of Medicine and though it is out of
print, there are many copies available on www.amazon.com for a great
price. I highly recommend this book
as a great read aloud.
•;The Incredible Journey Through the Hu-
man Body by Nicholas Harris—a great
resource as an overview to learn about
the human body
• Helen Keller: A Determined Life by
•;Marie Curie: A Brilliant Life by Eliza-
• My Body by Teacher Created Materials—students can trace their body
onto large butcher paper and add organs and bones as they learn about
• Make It Work Body by Liz Wyse—
things to make
•;A Coloring Book of Great Doctors of-
fered by Bellerphon Books
• The First Woman Doctor by Rachel
• ;Clara Barton by Helen Dore Boylston
•;Florence Nightingale by Anne Colver
• Walter Reed—Boy Who Wanted to
Know by Helen Boyd Higgins
•;Close to Home—A Story of the Polio
Epidemic by Lydia Weaver
• Louis Braille: The Boy Who Inven-
ted Books for the Blind by Margaret
• Louis Pasteur: Founder of Modern
Medicine (Sowers Series) by John Hud-
Spelling, Vocabulary, Terms
medicine, vaccine, radiation, anatomy,
symptoms, surgical, infection, microscope,
physician, observation, circulation, advances, discoveries, research, experimentation, arteries, pharmacy, herbs, bones,
blood, doctor, hospital, cure, organ, heart,
systems, X-ray, germ, health, virus, disease, sick
•;Make;a;wall;timeline;as;you;study;medi-cal inventions, physicians, and advances.
experiment with and then write out
offer field trips.
• Research medical jargon during the
mania = insanity
lung fever = pneumonia
jail fever = ___________
rickets = ___________
diary fever = ___________
lead poisoning = ___________
green sickness = ___________
• Research and write about sanitation
practices during the time of the U.S.
Civil War (1861).
•;On;a;world;map,;place;the;name/pic-ture of physicians through history on
the places where they lived or worked.
•;On;a;world;map,;show;where;the;Bu-bonic Plague and the Black Death
do a report on (include photographs,
drawings, maps etc.).
and do a report on it.
• Look up the following Scriptures:
1 Corinthians 6: 19–20, Romans 12: 1,
1 Timothy 4: 7–9, Proverbs 14: 30,
Proverbs 3: 7–8 and write a simple description of each.
Jennifer Steward is a humorous and encouraging speaker drawing experience
from her twenty-three years of homeschooling. She is the author of Everything
You Need to Know About Homeschool
Unit Studies and many other books.
Jennifer has inspired and instructed parents nationwide with her workshops,
which emphasize interactive teaching
using living books, notebooks, and unit
studies. The Steward family manages their
business—Steward Ship Publishing—
from their home in Northern California.